According to Washington news, the future missions of Mars should consider using lunar habitats as a test by moon explorers. As suggested by Erwin Beavois, an engineer in space operations, designers should develop an artificial ecosystem on the moon that will use bacteria, algae, and other microorganisms to recycle air and waste products while producing food. A life-supporting machine is used here where it recycles water and oxygen, but the disadvantaged part of it is that other items like food require resupply.
During the international astronomical congress, in presentation, Beavois stated that there are more opportunities for the transfer of technology since the road to sustainability is wide.
Moon is the next destination for space explorations since NASA, space agencies, and other private companies are eying on it. By 2024, NASA aims to place human beings on the moon and building settlements for them. Other entities that range from Japan aerospace explorations agencies to private companies moon express are currently discussing how comparatively land machines and the new lunar economy will work on the moon. NASA is aiming to launch human missions to Mars by applying what was learned at the moon.
Beavois stated the huge differences between moon and Mars in that Mars has a very thin atmosphere and weather while the moon is filled up with the airless body. This airless body is affected by radiation and micrometeorites that occurs occasionally. In terms of comparison, both location s are very rocky.
The differences stated above show that some parts of the Mars red planet environment could be coordinated into a life support system that is regenerative. The locations suggested are Mars planet. For instance, methane or ice water resources on Mars can supplement the supplies brought along with astronauts.
Since people on Mars and moon have the same needs, astronauts are trying to figure out how they can supply power, find water and use the available resources to build structures, live, and work on those particular surfaces. Beavois points out life-supporting systems where he suggests for inflatable and transparent design structure from the moon to the Mars. Water recycling technology will be used to grow plants in low lights and as biofuels in engines. This technology can be applied to both planets.
Questions such as which species grow well in these locations can only be answered when researchers work on the moon will help the researchers gather vast information before taking these technologies out of the solar system, where it is challenging to adjust as one goes along the way.