The measurement might be particularly unpopular. The draft law on the orientation of mobility (LOM), which will be presented next month by the council of ministers, provides for the possibility for municipalities with more than 100,000 inhabitants to create urban tolls, according to the online newspaper Context is provided the text.
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The principle is simple : establish “cost of congestion” to “limit automobile traffic and the fight against pollution and environmental pollution”.
Between 2.5 and 5 euros per day and per car
In practice, the draft stipulates that the price of the toll fee is “determined on a lump sum basis for each entry in the zone subject to the tariff” and may not exceed 2.5 euros per day for light vehicles. The amount can be up to four times higher for other types of vehicles. The text provides for a special regime for the municipalities of 500,000 people, which could double the rates. In cities such as Paris, Lyon or Marseille, the amount of the tolls could be up to 5 euros for cars, and 20 € for the trucks.
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The ability to create these urban toll systems already exists since the Grenelle environment forum in 2007, but they have never been put in place due to a framework that is too restrictive. The government now wants to make the system “operational”, such as London, Milan or Stockholm.
Hidalgo, and Pécresse are against
But you don’t need to imagine queues of vehicles waiting to pass the barriers at the entrance to towns. Tolls will be introduced in “teleservice”, which will record the passages, but also to pay in advance through packages.
not All vehicles, however, will not be affected. The text of the ministry states that some will benefit from reduced rates, “especially those whose residence or place of work is located in the area subject to rate-of-congestion”, or even free of charge. This will be the case of “vehicles of general interest” (such as ambulances) or providing “a public service of transport”. In addition, the government wants to establish “ceilings”, so that the rates are decided locally are not “prohibitive”.
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But the measure is already meeting with opposition from some local politicians, who will share in the decision set, or not, in place of tolls. A lot of them, including Valérie Pécresse, in the Ile-de-France, point to an effect of social segregation induced by the financial difficulties of some residents of the urban suburbs. The mayor of Paris, Anne Hidalgo, was not opposed but would require compensation for the ile-de-france. At this point, no city has declared voluntary for the implementation of the device according to Les Echos.