Sitting in his vehicle, the inspector K initiates a voice command and a drone detaches immediately from his car to inspect the surroundings. This scene of the movie Blade Runner 2049 Denis Villeneuve could soon become a reality. The cooperation between the police and drones to monitor and intervene on crime scenes (team cobotique) is one of the twelve “areas of fracture technology” identified by the committee of the industrial sector of security (Cofis), and presented Monday in Paris next Monday.
The Cofis that France agrees on these different tracks to be ready by 2025. Among them, there is the project identification in a crowd of people carrying objects, or prohibited products (local observation), the development of smart artificial intelligence to ensure the security of smartphones, or even real-time indexing of images during an attack thanks to the surveillance cameras, but also the phones of the people present. Side detection, the european Eurobiotox focuses on the analysis of the toxins that could be used for terrorist purposes.
Fight against terrorism and cybercrime.
All of these areas, quite broad, involving multiple types of actors such as start-up, industrial (Thales), but also of the laboratories (CEA, or Inria). “The idea is to promote and assist in structuring an ecosystem, says the prefect Pascal Bonnot, director of the protection and the security of the state. These seats also reflect the expression of the needs of the public powers because it is going through a period of exposure to the threat unusual and all vectors must be mobilized to cope with it”.
Terrorism and cyber crime designed to help boost investment in the area. Several projects are already being launched as virtual reality headsets miniaturized for the forces of order, the monitoring of water networks through connected sensors, the development of quantum computation or the creation of autonomous robots to carry round…
The turnover of the sector has now reached nearly 30 billion euros, with a growth rate of close to 5 to 6% per year. Created five years ago, under the leadership of the prime minister, Manuel Valls, the Cofis is working with its foundation to bring together all the actors. The industrialists, potential buyers (groups of transport in particular) and, finally, the state representatives, with the general secretariat of Defence and national Security (SGDSN), or Direction générale des entreprises (DGE) will be present on Monday. The goal is to double the income of the sector and to create 75 000 jobs in the next few years.
In line-of-sight, the Paris Olympics 2024
To fit these ambitions, the minister of the Interior, Gérard Collomb, was estimated late last year that France should be in the forefront of cooperation between the public and the private in the safety, particularly with a view of the Rugby World Cup 2023 and, especially, of the Paris Olympics 2024. The irruption of the digital poses new risks but to emerge as a means of securing the State and “operators of vital importance” (OIV), these companies in the sector of transport, energy, water or telecommunications. The law already requires that they raise their level of cyber security to deal with cyber attacks.
These links in public-private are also available abroad. In the United States, Amazon is already working with the police forces to equip its facial-recognition technology, while in China the giant of e-commerce Alibaba supports the start-up SenseTime including surveillance cameras, smart have been installed in the subways and in the streets of the cities. “Our major French groups do not have large-thing to envy them, adds Pascal Bonnot. We have already conducted experiments at the Châtelet with the RATP or the gare du Nord train Station with SNCF. It is possible to detect movements of the crowd, assaults, or recognize a face in the middle of the other and follow it. It takes the maturity of technology, but also the social acceptability to move forward. We do not live under the same regime as in China.”
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Marc Darmon, executive director of the Cofis, believes that the State should set as an objective to invest one billion euros over three years to help the sector withstand the global competition and to create a technological sovereignty in these sensitive areas.